gm-20221025
0001467858FALSE00014678582022-10-252022-10-25


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
___________________

FORM 8-K
___________________

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): October 25, 2022
___________________
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________
Delaware
001-34960
27-0756180
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
300 Renaissance Center,Detroit,Michigan48265-3000
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(313) 667-1500
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
__________________

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
   
 Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
   
 Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
   
 Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueGMNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter). Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  



ITEM 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition

On October 25, 2022 General Motors Company (GM) issued a news release and supplemental materials on the subject of its 2022 third quarter earnings. The news release and supplemental materials are attached as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2.

Charts furnished to securities analysts in connection with GM's 2022 third quarter earnings release are available on GM's website at www.gm.com/investors/earnings-releases.html.

ITEM 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits

EXHIBIT
ExhibitDescription
Exhibit 99.1
Exhibit 99.2
Exhibit 104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)





SIGNATURE



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY (Registrant)


By:/s/ CHRISTOPHER T. HATTO
Date: October 25, 2022Christopher T. Hatto, Vice President, Global Business Solutions and Chief Accounting Officer



q32022earnings10252022
For Release: Tuesday, Oct. 25, 2022, at 6:30 a.m. ET GM Reports Third-Quarter 2022 Results DETROIT – General Motors Co. (NYSE: GM) today reported third-quarter net income attributable to stockholders of $3.3 billion and EBIT-adjusted of $4.3 billion driven by record third-quarter revenue of $41.9 billion. GM reaffirms its full-year earnings guidance. Downloads • GM Chair and CEO Mary Barra's letter to shareholders • Earnings deck • Detailed quarterly results with year-over-year comparisons Results Overview Three Months Ended ($M) except where noted September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 Change Revenue $ 41,889 $ 26,779 $ 15,110 Net income attributable to stockholders $ 3,305 $ 2,420 $ 885 EBIT-adjusted $ 4,287 $ 2,922 $ 1,365 Net income margin 7.9 % 9.0 % (1.1) ppts EBIT-adjusted margin 10.2 % 10.9 % (0.7) ppts Automotive operating cash flow $ 6,502 $ (2,602) $ 9,104 Adjusted automotive free cash flow $ 4,593 $ (4,385) $ 8,978 EPS-diluted(a) $ 2.25 $ 1.62 $ 0.63 EPS-diluted-adjusted(a) $ 2.25 $ 1.52 $ 0.73 GMNA EBIT-adjusted $ 3,894 $ 2,125 $ 1,769 GMNA EBIT-adjusted margin 11.2 % 10.3 % 0.9 ppts GMI EBIT-adjusted $ 334 $ 229 $ 105 China equity income $ 330 $ 270 $ 60 GM Financial EBT-adjusted $ 911 $ 1,093 $ (182) __________ (a) EPS-diluted and EPS-diluted-adjusted include a $0.03 and $0.07 impact from revaluation on equity investments in the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. News Exhibit 99.1


 
Nine Months Ended ($M) except where noted September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 Change Revenue $ 113,627 $ 93,420 $ 20,207 Net income attributable to stockholders $ 7,935 $ 8,278 $ (343) EBIT-adjusted $ 10,675 $ 11,456 $ (781) Net income margin 7.0 % 8.9 % (1.9) ppts EBIT-adjusted margin 9.4 % 12.3 % (2.9) ppts Automotive operating cash flow $ 11,606 $ 309 $ 11,297 Adjusted automotive free cash flow $ 6,006 $ (3,839) $ 9,845 EPS-diluted(a) $ 4.73 $ 5.55 $ (0.82) EPS-diluted-adjusted(a) $ 5.48 $ 5.73 $ (0.25) GMNA EBIT-adjusted $ 9,334 $ 8,153 $ 1,181 GMNA EBIT-adjusted margin 10.0 % 11.0 % (1.0) ppts GMI EBIT-adjusted $ 871 $ 552 $ 319 China equity income $ 477 $ 854 $ (377) GM Financial EBT-adjusted $ 3,301 $ 3,856 $ (555) __________ (a) EPS-diluted and EPS-diluted-adjusted include a $(0.13) and $0.27 impact from revaluation on equity investments in the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. 2022 Guidance • Full-year net income of between $9.6 billion and $11.2 billion, and EBIT-adjusted of between $13.0 billion and $15.0 billion • Full-year EPS-diluted of between $5.76 and $6.76, and EPS-diluted-adjusted of between $6.50 and $7.50 • Full-year net automotive cash provided by operating activities guidance range of between $16.0 billion and $19.0 billion, and adjusted automotive free cash flow guidance range of between $7.0 billion and $9.0 billion See below for reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures or visit the GM Investor Relations website for complete details. Conference Call for Investors and Analysts GM Chair and CEO Mary Barra and Chief Financial Officer Paul Jacobson will host a conference call for investors and analysts at 8:30 a.m. ET today to discuss these results. Introductory remarks will be followed by a question-and-answer session. Those who wish to listen to the call may dial in using the following numbers: • United States: 1-800-857-9821 • International: +1-517-308-9481 • Conference call passcode: General Motors


 
General Motors (NYSE:GM) is a global company focused on advancing an all-electric future that is inclusive and accessible to all. At the heart of this strategy is the Ultium battery platform, which powers everything from mass- market to high-performance vehicles. General Motors, its subsidiaries and its joint venture entities sell vehicles under the Chevrolet, Buick, GMC, Cadillac, Baojun and Wuling brands. More information on the company and its subsidiaries, including OnStar, a global leader in vehicle safety and security services, can be found at https:// www.gm.com. ### CONTACTS: Jim Cain GM Communications 313-407-2843 james.cain@chevrolet.com Ashish Kohli GM Investor Relations 847-964-3459 ashish.kohli@gm.com David Caldwell GM Communications 586-899-7861 david.caldwell@gm.com Michael Heifler GM Investor Relations 313-418-0220 michael.heifler@gm.com Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements: This press release and related comments by management may include “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the U.S. federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are any statements other than statements of historical fact. Forward-looking statements represent our current judgment about possible future events and are often identified by words such as “anticipate,” “appears,” “approximately,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “designed,” “effect,” “estimate,” “evaluate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “goal,” “initiative,” “intend,” “may,” “objective,” “outlook,” “plan,” “potential,” “priorities,” “project,” “pursue,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “when,” “will,” “would,” or the negative of any of those words or similar expressions. In making these statements, we rely upon assumptions and analysis based on our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, and expected future developments, as well as other factors we consider appropriate under the circumstances. We believe these judgments are reasonable, but these statements are not guarantees of any future events or financial results, and our actual results may differ materially due to a variety of factors, many of which are described in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and our other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly or otherwise revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or other factors that affect the subject of these statements, except where we are expressly required to do so by law.


 
Non-GAAP Reconciliations The following table reconciles Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to EBIT (loss)-adjusted (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders(a) $ 3,305 $ 2,420 $ 7,935 $ 8,278 Income tax expense (benefit) 845 152 1,308 2,300 Automotive interest expense 259 230 719 723 Automotive interest income (122) (38) (245) (102) Adjustments Cruise compensation modifications(b) — — 1,057 — Patent royalty matters(c) — — (100) — Cadillac dealer strategy(d) — 158 — 175 GM Korea wage litigation(e) — — — 82 Total adjustments — 158 957 257 EBIT (loss)-adjusted $ 4,287 $ 2,922 $ 10,675 $ 11,456 __________ (a) Net of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests. (b) This adjustment was excluded because it relates to the one-time modification of Cruise stock incentive awards. (c) This adjustment was excluded because it relates to the resolution, in the three months ended March 31, 2022, of substantially all matters related to certain royalties accrued with respect to past-year vehicle sales. (d) These adjustments were excluded because they relate to strategic activities to transition certain Cadillac dealers from the network as part of Cadillac's electric vehicle strategy. (e) This adjustment was excluded because of the unique events associated with Korea Supreme Court decisions related to our salaried workers.


 
The following table reconciles diluted earnings (loss) per common share under U.S. GAAP to EPS-diluted-adjusted (dollars in millions, except per share amounts): Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 Amount Per Share Amount Per Share Amount Per Share Amount Per Share Diluted earnings per common share $ 3,278 $ 2.25 $ 2,375 $ 1.62 $ 6,931 $ 4.73 $ 8,141 $ 5.55 Adjustments(a) — — 158 0.11 957 0.65 257 0.18 Tax effect on adjustments(b) — — (39) (0.03) (296) (0.20) (43) (0.03) Tax adjustments(c) — — (271) (0.18) (482) (0.33) 45 0.03 Deemed dividend adjustment(d) — — — — 909 0.62 — — EPS-diluted-adjusted $ 3,278 $ 2.25 $ 2,223 $ 1.52 $ 8,019 $ 5.48 $ 8,400 $ 5.73 __________ (a) Refer to the reconciliation of Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to EBIT (loss)-adjusted for adjustment details. (b) The tax effect of each adjustment is determined based on the tax laws and valuation allowance status of the jurisdiction to which the adjustment relates. (c) These adjustments consist of tax benefit related to the release of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets considered realizable as a result of Cruise tax reconsolidation in the nine months ended September 30, 2022, tax benefit related to a deduction for an investment in a subsidiary in the three months ended September 30, 2021 and tax expense related to the establishment of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets in the nine months ended September 30, 2021. These adjustments were excluded because of the unique nature of these events and significant impacts of valuation allowances are not considered part of our core operations. (d) This adjustment consists of a deemed dividend related to the redemption of Cruise preferred shares from SoftBank in the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The following table reconciles net automotive cash provided by (used in) operating activities under U.S. GAAP to adjusted automotive free cash flow (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 September 30, 2022 September 30, 2021 Net automotive cash provided by (used in) operating activities $ 6,502 $ (2,602) $ 11,606 $ 309 Less: Capital expenditures (2,054) (1,829) (5,771) (4,235) Add: GMI restructuring — — — 24 Add: Cadillac dealer strategy — 27 — 44 Add: GM Korea wage litigation — 19 26 19 Add: Patent royalty matters 145 — 145 — Adjusted automotive free cash flow $ 4,593 $ (4,385) $ 6,006 $ (3,839)


 
Guidance Reconciliations The following table reconciles expected Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to expected EBIT- adjusted (dollars in billions): Year Ending December 31, 2022 Net income attributable to stockholders $ 9.6-11.2 Income tax expense 1.7-2.1 Automotive interest expense, net 0.7 Adjustments(a) 1.0 EBIT-adjusted(b) $ 13.0-15.0 __________ (a) Refer to the reconciliation of Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to EBIT (loss)-adjusted for adjustment details. (b) We do not consider the potential future impact of adjustments on our expected financial results. The following table reconciles expected EPS-diluted under U.S. GAAP to expected EPS-diluted-adjusted: Year Ending December 31, 2022 Diluted earnings per common share $ 5.76-6.76 Adjustments(a) 0.74 EPS-diluted-adjusted(b) $ 6.50-7.50 __________ (a) Refer to the reconciliation of diluted earnings (loss) per common share under U.S. GAAP to EPS-diluted-adjusted for adjustment details. (b) We do not consider the potential future impact of adjustments on our expected financial results. The following table reconciles expected automotive net cash provided by operating activities under U.S. GAAP to adjusted automotive free cash flow (dollars in billions): Year Ending December 31, 2022 Net automotive cash provided by operating activities $ 15.8-18.8 Less: Capital expenditures 9.0-10.0 Adjustments 0.2 Adjusted automotive free cash flow $ 7.0-9.0


 
Document
Exhibit 99.2

General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material1
(Unaudited)
General Motors Company's (GM) non-GAAP measures include: earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)-adjusted, presented net of noncontrolling interests; earnings before income taxes (EBT)-adjusted for our General Motors Financial Company, Inc. (GM Financial) segment; earnings per share (EPS)-diluted-adjusted; effective tax rate-adjusted (ETR-adjusted); return on invested capital-adjusted (ROIC-adjusted) and adjusted automotive free cash flow. GM's calculation of these non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies due to potential differences between companies in the method of calculation. As a result, the use of these non-GAAP measures has limitations and should not be considered superior to, in isolation from, or as a substitute for, related U.S. GAAP measures.

These non-GAAP measures allow management and investors to view operating trends, perform analytical comparisons and benchmark performance between periods and among geographic regions to understand operating performance without regard to items we do not consider a component of our core operating performance. Furthermore, these non-GAAP measures allow investors the opportunity to measure and monitor our performance against our externally communicated targets and evaluate the investment decisions being made by management to improve ROIC-adjusted. Management uses these measures in its financial, investment and operational decision-making processes, for internal reporting and as part of its forecasting and budgeting processes. Further, our Board of Directors uses certain of these and other measures as key metrics to determine management performance under our performance-based compensation plans. For these reasons, we believe these non-GAAP measures are useful for our investors.

EBIT-adjusted EBIT-adjusted is presented net of noncontrolling interests and is used by management and can be used by investors to review our consolidated operating results because it excludes automotive interest income, automotive interest expense and income taxes as well as certain additional adjustments that are not considered part of our core operations. Examples of adjustments to EBIT include, but are not limited to, impairment charges on long-lived assets and other exit costs resulting from strategic shifts in our operations or discrete market and business conditions; costs arising from legal matters; and certain currency devaluations associated with hyperinflationary economies. For EBIT-adjusted and our other non-GAAP measures, once we have made an adjustment in the current period for an item, we will also adjust the related non-GAAP measure in any future periods in which there is an impact from the item. Our corresponding measure for our GM Financial segment is EBT-adjusted because interest income and interest expense are part of operating results when assessing and measuring the operational and financial performance of the segment.

EPS-diluted-adjusted EPS-diluted-adjusted is used by management and can be used by investors to review our consolidated diluted EPS results on a consistent basis. EPS-diluted-adjusted is calculated as net income attributable to common stockholders-diluted less adjustments noted above for EBIT-adjusted and certain income tax adjustments divided by weighted-average common shares outstanding-diluted. Examples of income tax adjustments include the establishment or reversal of significant deferred tax asset valuation allowances.

ETR-adjusted ETR-adjusted is used by management and can be used by investors to review the consolidated effective tax rate for our core operations on a consistent basis. ETR-adjusted is calculated as Income tax expense less the income tax related to the adjustments noted above for EBIT-adjusted and the income tax adjustments noted above for EPS-diluted-adjusted divided by Income before income taxes less adjustments. When we provide an expected adjusted effective tax rate, we do not provide an expected effective tax rate because the U.S. GAAP measure may include significant adjustments that are difficult to predict.

ROIC-adjusted ROIC-adjusted is used by management and can be used by investors to review our investment and capital allocation decisions. We define ROIC-adjusted as EBIT-adjusted for the trailing four quarters divided by ROIC-adjusted average net assets, which is considered to be the average equity balances adjusted for average automotive debt and interest liabilities, exclusive of finance leases; average automotive net pension and other postretirement benefits (OPEB) liabilities; and average automotive net income tax assets during the same period.

Adjusted automotive free cash flow Adjusted automotive free cash flow is used by management and can be used by investors to review the liquidity of our automotive operations and to measure and monitor our performance against our capital allocation program and evaluate our automotive liquidity against the substantial cash requirements of our automotive operations. We measure adjusted automotive free cash flow as automotive operating cash flow from operations less capital expenditures adjusted for management actions. Management actions can include voluntary events such as discretionary contributions to employee benefit plans or nonrecurring specific events such as a closure of a facility that are considered special for EBIT-adjusted purposes.




________

1 Certain columns and rows may not add due to rounding.

1




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
The following table reconciles Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to segment profit (loss) (dollars in millions):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders(a)$3,305 $2,420 $7,935 $8,278 
Income tax expense (benefit)845 152 1,308 2,300 
Automotive interest expense259 230 719 723 
Automotive interest income (122)(38)(245)(102)
Adjustments
   Cruise compensation modifications(b)— — 1,057 — 
   Patent royalty matters(c)— — (100)— 
   Cadillac dealer strategy(d)— 158 — 175 
   GM Korea wage litigation(e)— — — 82 
Total adjustments— 158 957 257 
EBIT(loss)-adjusted4,287 2,922 10,675 11,456 
Operating segments
GM North America (GMNA)3,894 2,125 9,334 8,153 
GM International (GMI)334 229 871 552 
Cruise (497)(286)(1,365)(847)
GM Financial(f)911 1,093 3,301 3,856 
Total operating segments4,642 3,161 12,141 11,714 
Corporate and eliminations(g)(355)(239)(1,466)(258)
EBIT(loss)-adjusted$4,287 $2,922 $10,675 $11,456 
__________
(a)Net of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests.
(b)This adjustment was excluded because it relates to the one-time modification of Cruise stock incentive awards.
(c)This adjustment was excluded because it relates to the resolution of substantially all royalty matters accrued with respect to past-year vehicle sales in the three months ended March 31, 2022.
(d)These adjustments were excluded because they relate to strategic activities to transition certain Cadillac dealers from the network as part of Cadillac's electric vehicle (EV) strategy.
(e)This adjustment was excluded because of the unique events associated with Korea Supreme Court decisions related to our salaried workers.
(f)GM Financial amounts represent EBT-adjusted.
(g)GM's automotive interest income and interest expense, legacy costs from the Opel/Vauxhall Business (primarily pension costs), corporate expenditures and certain nonsegment specific revenues and expenses are recorded centrally in Corporate.









2




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
The following table reconciles Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to EBIT (loss)-adjusted (dollars in millions):
Three Months Ended
September 30,June 30,March 31,December 31,
20222021202220212022202120212020
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders$3,305 $2,420 $1,692 $2,836 $2,939 $3,022 $1,741 $2,846 
Income tax expense (benefit)845 152 490 971 (28)1,177 471 642
Automotive interest expense259 230 234 243 226 250 227 275
Automotive interest income(122)(38)(73)(32)(50)(32)(44)(46)
Adjustments
   Cruise compensation modifications(a)— — — — 1,057 — — — 
   Patent royalty matters(b)— — — — (100)— 250 — 
   GM Brazil indirect tax matters(c)— — — — — — 194 — 
   Cadillac dealer strategy(d)— 158 — 17 — — — 99 
   GMI restructuring(e)— — — — — — — 26 
   GM Korea wage litigation(f)— — — 82 — — — — 
   Ignition switch recall and related legal
      matters(g)
— — — — — — — (130)
Total adjustments— 158 — 99 957 — 444 (5)
EBIT (loss)-adjusted$4,287 $2,922 $2,343 $4,117 $4,044 $4,417 $2,839 $3,712 
________
(a)This adjustment was excluded because it relates to the one-time modification of Cruise stock incentive awards.
(b)These adjustments were excluded because they relate to certain royalties accrued with respect to past-year vehicle sales in the three months ended December 31, 2021, and the resolution of substantially all of these matters in the three months ended March 31, 2022.
(c)This adjustment was excluded because it relates to a settlement with third parties in the three months ended December 31, 2021 relating to retrospective recoveries of indirect taxes in Brazil realized in prior periods.
(d)These adjustments were excluded because they relate to strategic activities to transition certain Cadillac dealers from the network as part of Cadillac's EV strategy.
(e)This adjustment was excluded because of a strategic decision to rationalize our core operations by exiting or significantly reducing our presence in various international markets to focus resources on opportunities expected to deliver higher returns. This adjustment primarily consists of employee separation charges in the three months ended December 31, 2020.
(f)This adjustment was excluded because of the unique events associated with Korea Supreme Court decisions related to our salaried workers.
(g)This adjustment was excluded because of the unique events associated with the ignition switch recall.


























3




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
The following table reconciles diluted earnings (loss) per common share under U.S. GAAP to EPS-diluted-adjusted (dollars in millions, except per share amounts):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
AmountPer ShareAmountPer ShareAmountPer ShareAmountPer Share
Diluted earnings per common share$3,278 $2.25 $2,375 $1.62 $6,931 $4.73 $8,141 $5.55 
Adjustments(a)— — 158 0.11 957 0.65 257 0.18 
Tax effect on adjustments(b)— — (39)(0.03)(296)(0.20)(43)(0.03)
Tax adjustments(c)— — (271)(0.18)(482)(0.33)45 0.03 
Deemed dividend adjustment(d)— — — — 909 0.62 — — 
EPS-diluted-adjusted$3,278 $2.25 $2,223 $1.52 $8,019 $5.48 $8,400 $5.73 
________
(a)Refer to the reconciliation of Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to segment profit (loss) for adjustment details.
(b)The tax effect of each adjustment is determined based on the tax laws and valuation allowance status of the jurisdiction to which the adjustment relates.
(c)These adjustments consist of tax benefit related to the release of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets considered realizable as a result of Cruise tax reconsolidation in the nine months ended September 30, 2022, tax benefit related to a deduction for an investment in a subsidiary in the three months ended September 30, 2021 and tax expense related to the establishment of a valuation allowance against Cruise deferred tax assets in the nine months ended September 30, 2021. These adjustments were excluded because of the unique nature of these events and significant impacts of valuation allowances are not considered part of our core operations.
(d)This adjustment consists of a deemed dividend related to the redemption of Cruise preferred shares from SoftBank in the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

The following table reconciles our effective tax rate under U.S. GAAP to ETR-adjusted (dollars in millions):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Income before income taxesIncome tax expense (benefit)Effective tax rateIncome before income taxesIncome tax expense (benefit)Effective tax rateIncome before income taxesIncome tax expense (benefit)Effective tax rateIncome before income taxesIncome tax expense (benefit)Effective tax rate
Effective tax rate$4,097 $845 20.6 %$2,538 $152 6.0 %$9,009 $1,308 14.5 %$10,479 $2,300 21.9 %
Adjustments(a)— — 158 39 1,053 296 282 43 
Tax adjustments(b)— 271 482 (45)
ETR-adjusted$4,097 $845 20.6 %$2,696 $462 17.1 %$10,062 $2,086 20.7 %$10,761 $2,298 21.4 %
________
(a)Refer to the reconciliation of Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to segment profit (loss) for adjustment details. These adjustments include Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests where applicable. The tax effect of each adjustment is determined based on the tax laws and valuation allowance status of the jurisdiction to which the adjustment relates.
(b)Refer to the reconciliation of diluted earnings per common share under U.S. GAAP to EPS-diluted-adjusted for adjustment details.
















4




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
We define return on equity (ROE) as Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders for the trailing four quarters divided by average equity for the same period. Management uses average equity to provide comparable amounts in the calculation of ROE. The following table summarizes the calculation of ROE (dollars in billions):
Four Quarters Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders$9.7 $11.1 
Average equity(a)$64.9 $52.4 
ROE14.9 %21.2 %
________
(a)Includes equity of noncontrolling interests where the corresponding earnings (loss) are included in Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders.

The following table summarizes the calculation of ROIC-adjusted (dollars in billions):
Four Quarters Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
EBIT (loss)-adjusted(a)$13.5 $15.2 
Average equity(b)$64.9 $52.4 
Add: Average automotive debt and interest liabilities (excluding finance leases)17.3 17.3 
Add: Average automotive net pension & OPEB liability10.2 17.7 
Less: Average automotive and other net income tax asset(21.3)(22.8)
ROIC-adjusted average net assets$71.1 $64.6 
ROIC-adjusted19.0 %23.5 %
________
(a)Refer to the reconciliation of Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders under U.S. GAAP to EBIT (loss)-adjusted for adjustment details.
(b)Includes equity of noncontrolling interests where the corresponding earnings (loss) are included in EBIT (loss)-adjusted.




















5




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
The following table reconciles Net automotive cash provided by (used in) operating activities under U.S. GAAP to adjusted automotive free cash flow (dollars in millions):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Net automotive cash provided by (used in) operating activities$6,502 $(2,602)$11,606 $309 
Less: Capital expenditures(2,054)(1,829)(5,771)(4,235)
Add: GMI restructuring— — — 24 
Add: Cadillac dealer strategy— 27 — 44 
Add: GM Korea wage litigation— 19 26 19 
Add: Patent royalty matters145 — 145 — 
Adjusted automotive free cash flow$4,593 $(4,385)$6,006 $(3,839)

The following tables summarize key financial information by segment (dollars in millions):
GMNAGMICorporateEliminationsTotal
Automotive
CruiseGM
Financial
Reclassifications/EliminationsTotal
Three Months Ended September 30, 2022
Net sales and revenue$34,691 $3,980 $32 $— $38,703 $25 $3,187 $(27)$41,889 
Expenditures for property$1,951 $96 $$— $2,054 $49 $10 $(8)$2,104 
Depreciation and amortization$1,419 $124 $$— $1,548 $15 $1,212 $— $2,774 
Impairment charges$— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— 
Equity income(a)$(6)$329 $— $— $323 $— $44 $— $367 
GMNAGMICorporateEliminationsTotal
Automotive
CruiseGM
Financial
Reclassifications/EliminationsTotal
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Net sales and revenue$20,554 $2,843 $27 $— $23,424 $26 $3,354 $(25)$26,779 
Expenditures for property$1,684 $142 $$— $1,829 $23 $$— $1,859 
Depreciation and amortization$1,370 $138 $$— $1,514 $13 $1,554 $— $3,081 
Impairment charges$— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— 
Equity income (a)$$269 $— $— $270 $— $53 $— $323 
GMNAGMICorporateEliminationsTotal
Automotive
CruiseGM
Financial
Reclassifications/EliminationsTotal
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022
Net sales and revenue$92,907 $11,100 $132 $— $104,140 $76 $9,489 $(79)$113,627 
Expenditures for property$5,366 $395 $10 $— $5,771 $140 $28 $(6)$5,933 
Depreciation and amortization$4,399 $389 $16 $— $4,804 $39 $3,666 $— $8,509 
Impairment charges$11 $— $— $— $11 $— $— $— $11 
Equity income(a)$(6)$472 $— $— $467 $— $148 $— $615 
GMNAGMICorporateEliminationsTotal
Automotive
CruiseGM
Financial
Reclassifications/EliminationsTotal
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Net sales and revenue$74,443 $8,721 $67 $— $83,231 $81 $10,187 $(79)$93,420 
Expenditures for property$3,860 $362 $13 $— $4,235 $55 $20 $— $4,310 
Depreciation and amortization$3,849 $407 $16 $— $4,272 $37 $4,801 $— $9,110 
Impairment charges$— $— $— $— $— $$— $— $
Equity income (a)$$850 $— $— $858 $— $157 $— $1,015 
________
(a)Includes Automotive China equity income (loss) of $330 million and $270 million in the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 and $477 million and $854 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.





6




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
Vehicle Sales

GM presents both wholesale and total vehicle sales data to assist in the analysis of our revenue and our market share. Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria are subject to broad economic sanctions. Accordingly, these countries are excluded from industry sales data and the corresponding calculation of GM's market share. Also, as of March 2022, GM is no longer importing vehicles or parts to Russia, Belarus and other sanctioned provinces in Ukraine.

Wholesale vehicle sales data consists of sales to GM's dealers and distributors as well as sales to the U.S. Government and excludes vehicles sold by our joint ventures. Wholesale vehicle sales data correlates to GM's revenue recognized from the sale of vehicles, which is the largest component of Automotive net sales and revenue. In the nine months ended September 30, 2022, 30.6% of our wholesale vehicle sales volume was generated outside the U.S. The following table summarizes wholesale vehicle sales by automotive segment (vehicles in thousands):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
GMNA784 423 2,139 1,729 
GMI182 113 474 388 
Total966 536 2,613 2,117 









































7




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
Total vehicle sales data represents: (1) retail sales (i.e., sales to consumers who purchase new vehicles from dealers or distributors); (2) fleet sales (i.e., sales to large and small businesses, governments, and daily rental car companies); and (3) vehicles used by dealers in their business. Total vehicle sales data for periods presented prior to 2022 reflect courtesy transportation vehicles used by U.S. dealers in their business; beginning in 2022, we stopped including such dealership courtesy transportation vehicles in total vehicle sales until such time as those vehicles were sold to the end customer. Total vehicle sales data includes all sales by joint ventures on a total vehicle basis, not based on our percentage ownership interest in the joint venture. Certain joint venture agreements in China allow for the contractual right to report vehicle sales of non-GM trademarked vehicles by those joint ventures, which are included in the total vehicle sales we report for China. While total vehicle sales data does not correlate directly to the revenue GM recognizes during a particular period, we believe it is indicative of the underlying demand for GM vehicles. Total vehicle sales data represents management's good faith estimate based on sales reported by GM's dealers, distributors, and joint ventures, commercially available data sources such as registration and insurance data, and internal estimates and forecasts when other data is not available.

The following table summarizes total vehicle sales by geographic region (vehicles in thousands):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
United States
Chevrolet – Cars44 19 135 97 
Chevrolet – Trucks201 178 600 616 
Chevrolet – Crossovers128 90 369 436 
Cadillac34 23 96 96 
Buick29 39 77 151 
GMC121 97 374 382 
Total United States556 447 1,651 1,777 
Canada, Mexico and Other107 75 300 285 
Total North America663 522 1,950 2,062 
Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa
Chevrolet160 134 491 458 
Wuling327 315 936 1,020 
Buick185 166 477 616 
Baojun11 40 42 178 
Cadillac58 62 146 188 
Other14 16 
Total Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa744 719 2,106 2,475 
South America(a)130 70 327 276 
Total in GM markets1,537 1,312 4,384 4,813 
Total Europe— — 
Total Worldwide1,537 1,312 4,385 4,814 
_______
(a)Primarily Chevrolet

The vehicle sales at GM's China joint ventures presented in the following table are included in the preceding vehicle sales table (vehicles in thousands):    
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
SAIC General Motors Sales Co., Ltd.298 275 766 974 
SAIC GM Wuling Automobile Co., Ltd.332 349 962 1,180 


8




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Material
(Unaudited)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Market Share
United States – Cars7.2 %2.8 %7.3 %4.2 %
United States – Trucks30.0 %29.4 %31.2 %30.6 %
United States – Crossovers11.5 %8.7 %10.9 %11.6 %
Total United States15.9 %12.8 %15.7 %14.8 %
Total North America15.6 %12.2 %15.3 %14.3 %
Total Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa6.7 %7.0 %6.6 %7.3 %
Total South America13.0 %7.8 %12.1 %10.3 %
Total GM Market9.4 %8.4 %9.3 %9.5 %
Total Worldwide7.7 %6.9 %7.6 %7.7 %
United States fleet sales as a percentage of retail vehicle sales17.1 %12.8 %20.8 %15.0 %
North America capacity two-shift utilization103.3 %60.4 %98.7 %81.3 %





































9




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Combining Income Statement Information
(In millions) (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2022Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
AutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombinedAutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombined
Net sales and revenue
Automotive$38,703 $25 $— $(25)$38,703 $23,424 $26 $— $(24)$23,426 
GM Financial— — 3,187 (2)3,185 — — 3,354 (1)3,353 
Total net sales and revenue38,703 25 3,187 (27)41,889 23,424 26 3,354 (25)26,779 
Costs and expenses
Automotive and other cost of sales33,234 467 — — 33,700 20,391 282 — (1)20,672 
GM Financial interest, operating and other expenses— — 2,321 — 2,320 — — 2,314 — 2,314 
Automotive and other selling, general and administrative expense2,364 113 — — 2,477 2,095 53 — — 2,148 
Total costs and expenses35,598 580 2,321 (1)38,497 22,486 335 2,314 (1)25,134 
Operating income (loss)3,105 (554)867 (25)3,392 938 (309)1,040 (24)1,645 
Automotive interest expense259 — (1)259 229 — — 230 
Interest income and other non-operating income (loss), net557 18 — 23 598 774 (1)— 27 800 
Equity income (loss)323 — 44 — 367 270 — 53 — 323 
Income (loss) before income taxes$3,725 $(537)$911 $(2)$4,097 $1,753 $(310)$1,093 $$2,538 
Income tax expense (benefit)845 152 
Net income (loss)3,252 2,386 
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests53 34 
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders$3,305 $2,420 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$3,278 $2,375 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
AutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombinedAutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombined
Net sales and revenue
Automotive$104,140 $76 $— $(75)$104,141 $83,231 $81 $— $(75)$83,237 
GM Financial— — 9,489 (3)9,486 — — 10,187 (4)10,183 
Total net sales and revenue104,140 76 9,489 (79)113,627 83,231 81 10,187 (79)93,420 
Costs and expenses
Automotive and other cost of sales 90,221 

2,094 — 

(2)

92,314 

72,232 822 — (1)73,053 
GM Financial interest, operating and other expenses— — 6,336 (1)6,335 — — 6,488 (1)6,487 
Automotive and other selling, general and administrative expense6,629 645 — — 7,274 5,886 190 — — 6,076 
Total costs and expenses96,850 2,739 6,336 (3)105,922 78,118 1,012 6,488 (2)85,616 
Operating income (loss)7,289 (2,663)3,153 (75)7,704 5,113 (931)3,699 (77)7,804 
Automotive interest expense719 — (3)719 725 — — (2)723 
Interest income and other non-operating income (loss), net1,311 22 — 78 1,410 2,303 12 — 68 2,383 
Equity income (loss)467 — 148 — 615 858 — 157 — 1,015 
Income (loss) before income taxes$8,347 $(2,644)$3,301 $$9,009 $7,549 $(919)$3,856 $(7)$10,479 
Income tax expense (benefit)1,308 2,300 
Net income (loss)7,701 8,179 
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests234 99 
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders$7,935 $8,278 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$6,931 $8,141 

10




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Basic and Diluted Earnings per Share
(Unaudited)

The following table summarizes basic and diluted earnings per share (in millions, except per share amounts):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Basic earnings per share
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders$3,305 $2,420 $7,935 $8,278 
Less: cumulative dividends on subsidiary preferred stock(a)(26)(45)(1,004)(137)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$3,278 $2,375 $6,931 $8,141 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding1,448 1,452 1,455 1,450 
Basic earnings per common share$2.26 $1.64 $4.76 $5.61 
Diluted earnings per share
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders – diluted$3,278 $2,375 $6,931 $8,141 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted1,457 1,467 1,464 1,467 
Diluted earnings per common share$2.25 $1.62 $4.73 $5.55 
Potentially dilutive securities(b)10 10 
__________
(a)Includes a $909 million deemed dividend related to the redemption of Cruise preferred shares from SoftBank in the nine months ended September 30, 2022.
(b)Potentially dilutive securities attributable to outstanding stock options and RSUs at September 30, 2022 and 2021 were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share (EPS) because the securities would have had an antidilutive effect.





































11




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Combining Balance Sheet Information
(In millions, except per share amounts) (Unaudited)
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
AutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombinedAutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombined
ASSETS
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$14,990 $1,676 $4,079 $— $20,745 $14,541 $1,578 $3,948 $— $20,067 
Marketable debt securities7,997 1,569 — — 9,566 7,076 1,551 — (19)8,609 
Accounts and notes receivable, net(a)12,691 2,119 (792)14,021 7,553 532 (691)7,394 
GM Financial receivables, net— — 31,227 (178)31,049 — — 26,812 (163)26,649 
Inventories16,369 — — (2)16,367 12,990 — — (2)12,988 
Other current assets1,931 281 4,660 (349)6,524 2,167 179 4,301 (250)6,396 
Total current assets53,978 3,528 42,085 (1,320)98,271 44,326 3,309 35,592 (1,124)82,103 
Non-current Assets
GM Financial receivables, net— — 39,618 (67)39,551 — — 36,167 — 36,167 
Equity in net assets of nonconsolidated affiliates8,205 — 1,705 — 9,910 7,960 — 1,717 — 9,677 
Property, net 42,563 91 141 — 42,795 40,858 105 152 — 41,115 
Goodwill and intangible assets, net 2,908 721 1,339 — 4,968 3,012 736 1,339 — 5,087 
Equipment on operating leases, net— — 33,778 — 33,778 — — 37,929 — 37,929 
Deferred income taxes20,386 1,000 (814)— 20,572 21,653 — (501)— 21,152 
Other assets9,291 329 1,065 — 10,684 10,358 339 812 (21)11,488 
Total non-current assets83,353 2,141 76,832 (67)162,259 83,842 1,180 77,615 (21)162,615 
Total Assets$137,331 $5,669 $118,917 $(1,388)$260,529 $128,167 $4,489 $113,207 $(1,145)$244,718 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable (principally trade)(a)$26,808 $124 $728 $(775)$26,886 $20,065 $140 $855 $(669)$20,391 
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
Automotive626 19 — (195)450 624 27 — (188)463 
GM Financial— — 34,634 — 34,634 — — 33,257 — 33,257 
Accrued liabilities17,205 794 6,386 (350)24,034 16,879 230 3,439 (251)20,297 
Total current liabilities44,639 938 41,747 (1,320)86,003 37,568 397 37,550 (1,108)74,408 
Non-current Liabilities
Long-term debt
Automotive18,326 — — 18,333 16,348 — — 16,355 
GM Financial — — 59,190 — 59,190 — — 59,304 — 59,304 
Cruise— 67 — (67)— — — — — — 
Postretirement benefits other than pensions5,512 — — — 5,512 5,743 — — — 5,743 
Pensions 6,922 — — 6,928 8,002 — — 8,008 
Other liabilities11,951 473 2,372 — 14,795 12,560 488 2,058 (21)15,085 
Total non-current liabilities42,711 547 61,568 (67)104,759 42,654 495 61,368 (21)104,495 
Total Liabilities87,350 1,485 103,315 (1,388)190,762 80,222 892 98,918 (1,129)178,903 
Noncontrolling interest - Cruise Stock Incentive Awards— 228 — — 228 — — — — — 
Equity
Common stock, $0.01 par value14 — — — 14 15 — — — 15 
Additional paid-in capital(b)26,625 1,492 (1,468)26,657 27,065 55 1,551 (1,611)27,061 
Retained earnings30,561 1,862 15,486 47,910 27,920 42 13,985 (9)41,937 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(7,927)(9)(1,377)— (9,313)(8,025)(1,248)— (9,269)
Total stockholders’ equity49,273 1,861 15,602 (1,467)65,268 46,974 100 14,288 (1,620)59,744 
Noncontrolling interests(b)709 2,096 — 1,466 4,271 971 3,496 — 1,603 6,071 
Total Equity49,982 3,957 15,602 — 69,540 47,945 3,597 14,289 (16)65,815 
Total Liabilities and Equity$137,331 $5,669 $118,917 $(1,388)$260,529 $128,167 $4,489 $113,207 $(1,145)$244,718 
_________
(a)Eliminations primarily include: GM Financial accounts and notes receivable from Automotive of $506 million offset by Automotive accounts payable and Automotive accounts receivable from GM Financial of $213 million offset by GM Financial accounts payable at September 30, 2022; and GM Financial accounts and notes receivable of $301 million offset by Automotive accounts payable and Automotive accounts receivable of $313 million offset by GM Financial accounts payable at December 31, 2021.
(b)Primarily reclassification of GM Financial Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A, B and C. The preferred stock is classified as noncontrolling interests in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

12




General Motors Company and Subsidiaries
Combining Cash Flow Information
(In millions) (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
AutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombinedAutomotiveCruiseGM FinancialReclassifications/EliminationsCombined
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income (loss)$6,747 $(1,546)$2,495 $$7,701 $6,522 $(1,236)$2,900 $(7)$8,179 
Depreciation and impairment of Equipment on operating leases, net— — 3,628 — 3,628 — — 4,757 — 4,757 
Depreciation, amortization and impairment charges on Property, net4,815 39 37 — 4,892 4,272 41 43 — 4,357 
Foreign currency remeasurement and transaction (gains) losses27 — (1)— 26 (59)(2)— (59)
Undistributed earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates, net(2)— (122)— (124)(148)— (157)— (306)
Pension contributions and OPEB payments(585)— — — (586)(624)— — — (624)
Pension and OPEB income, net(902)— — (901)(1,206)— — (1,205)
Provision (benefit) for deferred taxes1,264 (1,099)339 — 504 1,532 316 115 — 1,963 
Change in other operating assets and liabilities(a)(c)242 1,289 (2,548)(3,706)(4,722)(9,980)133 (2,029)3,193 (8,683)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities11,606 (1,316)3,830 (3,701)10,419 309 (744)5,628 3,186 8,379 
Cash flows from investing activities
Expenditures for property(5,771)(140)(28)(5,933)(4,235)(55)(20)— (4,310)
Available-for-sale marketable securities, acquisitions(5,019)(2,430)— — (7,450)(2,307)(3,477)— — (5,784)
Available-for-sale marketable securities, liquidations3,743 2,416 — (14)6,145 5,597 2,656 — (17)8,236 
Purchases of finance receivables, net(a)— — (29,212)2,768 (26,444)— — (25,470)(49)(25,518)
Principal collections and recoveries on finance receivables(a)—